A Deadly Year at the U. S.-Mexico Border Crossing Point

In recent years, the U.S.-Mexico border has witnessed a growing tragedy.

The dangerous and desperate journey of migrants seeking a better life has taken a heavy toll, leaving a trail of death and despair in its wake.

A Sea of Victims

The tragic stories of migrants attempting to cross the border are numerous and heartbreaking. During fiscal year 2023, 148 deaths were recorded in the El Paso sector of the Bureau of Customs and Border Control. This figure nearly doubles the 71 deaths from the previous year, indicating a significant increase in the flow of migrants and the dangers associated with it. Most of the deaths occurred between May and September, when high temperatures and difficult weather conditions make crossing even riskier.

These deaths are not isolated, but part of a worrying trend. The year 2022 was the deadliest recorded by the International Organization for Migration, with a total of 1,457 migrant deaths on different routes to the United States.

The land route from Mexico to the United States was rated the deadliest by the UN, with 686 deaths or disappearances reported last year. Many of these cases are related to crossings through the deserts of Sonora and Chihuahua, where extreme heat and lack of resources make the journey extremely dangerous.

Humanitarian Crisis on the Border

The increased flow of migrants has generated a humanitarian crisis at the U.S.-Mexico border. With more than 2.4 million registered encounters in 2023 alone, the resources and response capacity of the authorities are overwhelmed.

The situation is further exacerbated by the lack of cooperation and the tug-of-war between the governments of both countries.

Concern over the crisis has now led to high-level meetings between Washington and Mexico to address the problem. However, despite the efforts, the humanitarian situation continues to deteriorate and the death toll continues to rise.

The IOM has noted that the actual number of victims may be even higher, as official data is lacking and the fate of many missing persons is unknown.

The Impact on Families and Communities

Behind each of these deaths is a story of pain and suffering. Families of missing migrants live in constant uncertainty, not knowing whether their loved ones are alive or dead.

Identification of the bodies becomes even more difficult due to the lack of documentation and the fact that many migrants make the last leg of the journey without papers.

In the case of identified deceased, the process of recognition is heartbreaking. The mother of a young man who drowned in the Rio Bravo had to identify her son by his tattoos, shown in photographs by the agents.

These stories are just a small sample of the thousands of tragedies that occur at the border each year.

Need for a Comprehensive Solution

In the face of this growing crisis, there is a clear need for a comprehensive solution that addresses the root causes of migration and ensures the safety and well-being of migrants. Restrictive migration policies are not the answer, as they only push migrants towards more dangerous routes and increase the risks to their lives.

The U.S. and Mexican governments need to work together to address the underlying causes of migration and promote safe and orderly migration. This would involve implementing economic development programs in regions of origin, improving living conditions and security in transit countries, and creating legal avenues for migration.


The year 2023 has been one of the deadliest on the U.S.-Mexico border. The numbers of migrant deaths have increased significantly, and the humanitarian crisis has worsened. Behind each of these deaths is a story of pain and suffering, and it is imperative that steps be taken to ensure the safety and well-being of migrants.

Solution to this crisis is neither easy nor quick, but it is necessary for the governments of both countries to work together to address the root causes of migration and promote safe and orderly migration.

Only through a comprehensive and cooperative approach can this tragedy at the border be brought to an end.