European Commission Approves German State Aid for Northvolt’s Electric Car Battery Production

In a significant move to support the transition towards a zero-emission economy, the European Commission has granted approval for German state aid amounting to 902 million euros. The aid is intended to bolster the Swedish battery company, Northvolt, in constructing a battery production plant for electric vehicles.

This groundbreaking project aligns with the Industrial Plan of the European Green Deal, emphasizing the need for sustainable practices and reduced carbon emissions.

Notably, this is the first assistance granted under the new Temporary Framework for Crisis and Transition, which was adopted by the European Commission in March 2023 to counteract the economic impact of the US Inflation Reduction Act (IRA).

Fostering a Green Economy

The approved German state aid will play a pivotal role in driving the transition towards a greener future. The Northvolt battery production plant aims to meet the increasing demand for electric vehicles and contribute to a more sustainable transportation sector.

With an annual capacity of 60 gigawatt-hours (GWh), the plant is expected to facilitate the production of up to one million electric vehicles annually. The assistance granted by Germany will take the form of a direct grant of 700 million euros and a guarantee of 202 million euros.

This financial support is crucial in ensuring the realization of the project, as it enables Northvolt to compete with the incentives provided by the US Inflation Reduction Act.

Preventing Technological Migration

Temporary Framework for Crisis and Transition allows member states to utilize state aid to match the investments made by third countries such as the United States. This provision serves the purpose of preventing the migration of clean technology companies from Europe to other regions by the end of 2025.

By availing state aid, European countries can effectively retain and attract investments in strategic sectors, promoting the growth of a sustainable economy within the region. The approval of the German state aid for Northvolt reflects the commitment of the European Commission to fostering a conducive environment for the production of batteries within Europe.

“This paves the way for increased European battery production,” stated Margrethe Vestager, the Vice-President of the European Commission responsible for Competition. She further emphasized the pioneering role played by Germany in this process.

Partnership between Germany and Northvolt will contribute significantly to the establishment of a robust battery manufacturing industry in Europe.

Northvolt’s Ambitious Plans

Northvolt plans to commence production at the battery plant in Heide, Germany, by 2026, with full production capacity expected to be reached by 2029. This ambitious timeline demonstrates the urgency and commitment to accelerating the transition to a low-carbon economy.

The battery plant will utilize advanced and high-efficiency battery technologies, catering to the growing demand for electric vehicles. By supporting Northvolt’s venture, Germany aims to position itself as a leading player in the production of clean and sustainable batteries for electric vehicles.

A Strategic Investment for a Sustainable Future

The approval of German state aid for Northvolt not only strengthens Germany’s position in the battery market but also reinforces Europe’s commitment to sustainability and innovation. By investing in strategic sectors, such as battery production, European countries can actively contribute to the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions and combat climate change.

The construction of the Northvolt battery plant will create job opportunities, foster technological advancements, and drive the development of a self-sufficient European battery industry.


European Commission’s approval of German state aid for Northvolt’s battery production plant signifies a significant step towards a greener and more sustainable future. This strategic investment aligns with the objectives of the European Green Deal and the Industrial Plan, promoting a zero-emission economy.

By supporting companies like Northvolt, Europe aims to foster innovation, create jobs, and establish a robust battery manufacturing industry within the region. The collaboration between Germany and Northvolt sets the stage for increased European battery production, paving the way for a greener and more sustainable transportation sector.