Spain declines in the Corruption Perceptions Index

Spain has experienced a decline in the Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI) for the second consecutive year, according to a report published by Transparency International (TI).

This decline in the score reflects the lack of progress in the country’s efforts to prevent and combat corruption.

Position in the global ranking

In the global ranking that includes 180 countries, Spain currently occupies the 35th position, having dropped one place compared to the previous year and three in relation to 2020. At the European Union level, it remains in 14th position out of the 27 member states.

Comparison with other countries

Spain shares its score of 60 out of 100 with countries such as Botswana, Cape Verde and St. Vincent and the Grenadines. However, it is two points below Portugal and Lithuania, and only one point above Latvia, at the European Union level.

Western Europe and the European Union in the CPI

Western Europe and the European Union remains the top-rated region in the CPI, with an average score of 66 out of 100. However, the report highlights that progress and improvements in the region have stagnated in most countries for more than a decade.

Leading and worst-performing countries

Denmark, Finland, Norway, Iceland and Sweden top the list of best-performing countries in terms of corruption perception, with scores between 83 and 90 out of 100. On the other hand, Romania, Bulgaria and Hungary score the worst, with scores between 42 and 46 out of 100.

Setback in the fight against corruption

Transparency International’s report highlights that only six of the 31 countries in the region have improved their CPI score, while seven have worsened.

This lack of progress is also reflected in Spain, indicating a risk and danger of further decline in the ranking in the coming year.

Factors affecting corruption in Spain

According to the NGO, Spain presents factors that affect the proper functioning of democratic institutions and raise the risk of corruption.

Among these factors are irregular payments in public services, exports and imports, as well as judicial decisions in corruption cases.

Lack of transparency in institutions

The report by Transparency International also highlights the lack of transparency in Spanish institutions. Despite having the Code of Conduct of the Cortes Generales, more than half of the parliamentarians do not publish their institutional agendas and the information that is published is uneven.

In addition, the meetings they hold are not made transparent, which affects the country’s ability to make progress in anti-corruption matters.

Delays in legal reforms

Silvia Bacigalupo, president of Transparency International Spain, points out that delays in moving forward with necessary legal reforms have taken their toll on the country.

Bacigalupo calls on Parliament to no longer delay passing laws aimed at preventing corruption and strengthening transparency and accountability.

Confidence in improved ranking

Manuel Villoria, member of the Steering Committee of Transparency International Spain and Professor of Political Science, is confident that Spain’s ranking will improve if the committed reforms are passed.

Villoria highlights partisan politicization as one of the problems preventing progress in the fight against corruption.


Spain’s decline in the Corruption Perceptions Index for the second consecutive year is a worrying sign of the lack of progress in preventing and fighting corruption. Lack of transparency and delays in legal reforms are some of the factors contributing to this situation.

However, there is hope that, with the right reforms, Spain can improve its ranking in the future and strengthen transparency and accountability in the country.