The New Anti-Spam Law: Putting an End to Unwanted Commercial Calls

Unsolicited commercial calls have long been a nuisance for consumers. However, with the new anti-spam law set to go into effect, there is hope that these intrusive marketing tactics will finally be brought to an end.

The law, known as the Ley General de Telecomunicaciones, introduces strict regulations on operators, prohibiting them from making unsolicited calls for the purpose of promoting or selling goods and services without prior consent from the consumer.

Understanding the New Anti-Spam Law

Ley General de Telecomunicaciones, also referred to as the “anti-spam law,” is set to come into effect on June 29th. Its main objective is to protect consumers from unwanted commercial calls by imposing restrictions on operators. According to the law, operators are prohibited from making unsolicited calls for promotional purposes unless they have obtained prior consent from the consumer.

The law clearly states that “operators are not allowed to make unsolicited phone calls to consumers for the purpose of promoting or selling goods and services.” However, there is an exception to this rule. If a company already has a contractual relationship with the consumer, such as a utility provider or telecommunications company, they are permitted to make promotional calls.

This exception, often referred to as the “consent loophole,” is where the potential problem lies. Companies have various ways of obtaining consent, such as including it in the terms and conditions or associating it with the purchase of a product.

Consequences for Non-Compliance

To ensure compliance with the new law, the Spanish Data Protection Agency (AEPD) will be responsible for monitoring and enforcing the regulations. Operators found to be in violation of the law can face substantial fines. For minor offenses, fines of up to €100,000 can be imposed, while more serious violations can result in fines of up to €20 million.

AEPD will investigate complaints from consumers regarding unsolicited commercial calls and initiate sanctioning procedures against the offending companies. Furthermore, the law applies to calls originating from call centers within Spain.

However, if the call center is located in another country, they may still be able to make unsolicited calls. Nevertheless, the AEPD has the authority to take action against companies making commercial calls from outside Spain.

Exceptions to the Anti-Spam Law

While the new anti-spam law aims to put an end to unwanted commercial calls, there are a few exceptions to consider. Calls that are necessary for vital interests of the citizen or can be argued to serve a public interest may still be made without prior consent.

These may include calls from the National Institute of Statistics (INE), awareness campaigns, or other related calls for research purposes.

Implications for the Music Industry: AI and the Grammy Awards

The impact of artificial intelligence (AI) in various industries is undeniable, and the music industry is no exception. With AI-generated songs gaining popularity, questions arise regarding their eligibility for prestigious awards such as the Grammy Awards.

Recording Academy has taken a stance on this issue, stating that only “human creators” are eligible for Grammy consideration. This exclusion applies to all categories and means that works entirely developed by AI are not eligible for the awards.

However, the Recording Academy does allow for the inclusion of AI-generated elements within a work, as long as the human contribution remains significant. For example, works nominated for Album of the Year must contain at least 20% human work. This decision by the Recording Academy reflects the ongoing debate surrounding AI’s role in the creation and recognition of artistic works.

The music industry has witnessed the disruption caused by AI-generated songs, such as the creation of a Drake-like song generated and performed entirely by AI. The industry reacted strongly, leading to the removal of such songs from various music platforms. Universal Music Group (UMG), the world’s largest record label, has even campaigned for platforms like Spotify and Apple Music to block services that use songs to train AI models.

However, the boundaries of AI-generated music continue to be pushed, with artists like Paul McCartney announcing the release of “the final Beatles album,” featuring the voice of John Lennon created using AI.

Nanotattoos: The Next Step in Wearable Technology

Tattoos have become a common form of self-expression, but researchers in Turkey have taken it a step further by turning tattoos into the ultimate wearable technology. They have developed a technique that allows for the implantation of nanotattoos capable of passive and wireless communication, without the need for implants, cables, or external power sources.

This innovative sensor-based nanotattoo relies on a piezoelectric mechanism to generate its own electrical signals.

To create this intelligent tattoo, researchers utilized two types of ink. The first, a conductive graphene aerogel, forms the base layer, while the second, a white ink composed of zinc oxide, contains nanowires and is applied on top of the base layer. A

 small amount of aerogel is added to facilitate the connection and conductivity between the layers. The tattoo acts as a tag, reflecting radiofrequency signals when they are received, establishing a connection with a smartphone, which can then collect and process the information.

This technology has the potential to monitor biometric data and transmit it to devices like smartphones, enabling better health monitoring and disease prevention.


The implementation of the new anti-spam law in Spain brings hope for consumers who have long been plagued by unsolicited commercial calls. With strict regulations and the threat of significant fines, operators will be more cautious about making promotional calls without prior consent.

However, the effectiveness of the law may be limited by exceptions and loopholes that allow companies to obtain consent through various means. Furthermore, the influence of AI in the music industry and the emergence of nanotattoos as wearable technology highlight the ongoing advancements and challenges in our ever-changing technological landscape.

As we move forward, it is crucial to strike a balance between innovation and protecting consumers’ rights and privacy.